Induced second trimester abortion by extra-amniotic prostaglandin infusion in patients with a cesarean scar: Is it safe?

Shachar Shapira, Shmuel Goldberger, Yoram Beyth, Moshe D. Fejgin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. One result of the advancement in prenatal diagnosis is an increase in the need for second trimester pregnancy terminations. Extra-amniotic infusion of prostaglandins is a common technique used for such pregnancy termination. Since prostaglandins cause strong uterine contractions, many practitioners are hesitant to use this technique on women with a uterine scar. In this study we tried to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the technique for women with a previous uterine scar. Methods. This retrospective study included all women with a complete medical record who underwent a second trimester pregnancy termination at our institution by extra amniotic prostaglandin E2, during a 6 year period. The study group included all women with a previous uterine scar. The group of women without such a scar served as the control group. Results. Three hundred and forty women had their pregnancy terminated, but only in 282 cases was the medical information complete (research population). The study group (35 women) characteristics were similar to those of the control group (247 women). We found no difference in the abortion interval, the need to use an additional method, the need for curettage and in bleeding complication between the two groups. There was no case of uterine rupture. The group of women with multiple uterine scars was too small for analysis. Conclusions. Our results suggest that extra amniotic prostaglandin infusion is an effective and safe technique in women with a uterine scar.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)511-514
Number of pages4
JournalActa Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Volume78
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Abortion
  • Prostaglandin
  • Uterine scar

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