Increasing voltage utilization in split-link, four-wire inverters

Jun Liang*, Tim C. Green, Chunmei Feng, George Weiss

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Three-phase four-wire inverters, with either three-leg or four-leg topology, are useful for interfacing distributed generation to networks of unbalanced loads, but neither of the available circuit topologies is ideal. The split-link three-leg topology (with six switches) suffers from poor dc voltage utilization compared with the four-leg topology (with eight switches). The four-leg topology has an electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) difficulty because it imposes large-amplitude high-frequency voltages between the dc link busbars and ground. To obtain both good dc voltage utilization and good EMC performance, it is proposed to use a split-link inverter with an active balancing circuit (also eight switches). The balancing circuit is used to modulate the dc busbar offset voltage to make better use of the available dc-link voltage. The optimum voltage term is established to be a third harmonic term, and the dc voltage utilization is improved. A deadbeat controller supplemented with a repetitive controller is designed to give good tracking and good disturbance rejection for the busbar offset voltage. System performance is studied through an experimental test rig.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1562-1569
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2009


  • Busbar offset modulation
  • Four-wire inverter
  • Repetitive control
  • Voltage utilization
  • dc link


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