Increased incidence of pathological and clinical prostate cancer with age: Age related alterations of local immune surveillance

Arthur Leibovitz, Yehuda Baumoehl, Rafael Segal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The incidence of prostate cancer dramatically increases with age. The etiology still awaits elucidation, and the question as to why it is so prominently a disease of aging remains unanswered. We offer an explanation by suggesting an age related deficient immune surveillance. Materials and Methods: Reports published in the scientific literature with relevance to cancer and immunity, immune senescence, blood-prostate barrier and immune privilege were identified using MEDLINE. Results: The existence of a blood-prostate barrier is a fair assumption, and the prostate may be considered an immune privileged site. With aging the prostate, a priori immunologically under surveilled, probably becomes more and more so. There is impaired function, transmigration and probably penetration into the gland of natural killer and other immune competent cells due to the onset of immune senescence coupled with impaired diapedesis and possible age related alterations in the blood-prostate barrier. Conclusions: Apparently, with aging the immune surveillance of the already immune privileged prostate is progressively and further affected. This condition may result in the inability of the gland to eradicate emergent malignant cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-437
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume172
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Immune system
  • Immunity, natural
  • Prostatic neoplasms

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