Increased brain plasmin levels following experimental ischemic stroke in male mice

Ekaterina Mindel, Ronen Weiss, Doron Bushi, Orna Gera, David Orion, Joab Chapman, Efrat Shavit-Stein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Many coagulation factor proteases are increased in the brain during ischemic stroke. One of these proteases is plasmin. In this study we established a novel method for direct quantitative measurement of plasmin activity in male mouse brain slices using a sensitive fluorescent substrate in the presence of specific protease inhibitors. In both the ischemic and contralateral hemispheres, plasmin activity increased 3, 6, and 24 hr following stroke in comparison to healthy mice (F(3, 72) = 39.5, p < 0.0001, repeated measures ANOVA) after the induction of permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (PMCAo). Plasmin activity was higher in the ischemic hemisphere (F(1,36) = 9.1, p = 0.005) and there was a significant interaction between time and ischemic hemisphere (F(3,36) = 4.4, p = 0.009). Plasmin activity was correlated with infarct volume (R2 = 0.5289, p = 0.0009 by Spearman). The specificity of the assay was verified utilizing tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA)-deficient mice which, as expected, had significantly lower levels of plasmin 24 hr following ischemia compared to wild-type mice (ischemic (0.6 ± 0.23 and 1.94 ± 0.5, respectively), p = 0.049 and contralateral hemispheres (0.13 ± 0.14 and 0.75 ± 0.10, respectively), p = 0.018 by t test). There is a time-dependent increase in plasmin levels and an association of higher levels of plasmin with larger infarct volumes in an experimental stroke model. This suggests caution in the use of recombinant tPA (rtPA) and that plasmin inhibition in the brain may be a therapeutic target in acute ischemic stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)966-976
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume99
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • experimental stroke model
  • fibrinolytic system
  • mouse
  • thrombolysis
  • tPA

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