Incidence and outcome of hepatic veno-occlusive disease after blood or marrow transplantation: A prospective cohort study of the European group for blood and marrow transplantation

Enric Carreras, Hartmut Bertz, William Arcese, Jean Paul Vernant, José Francisco Tomás, Hans Hagglund, Giuseppe Bandini, Hèléne Esperou, James Russell, Javier De la Rubia, Gabriele Di Girolamo, Hilde Demuynck, Olivier Hartmann, Johannes Clausen, Tapani Ruutu, Veronique Leblond, Arturo Iriondo, Alberto Bosi, Isaac Ben-Bassat, Vladimir KozaAlois Gratwohl, Jane F. Apperley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To determine the incidence and outcome of hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD) after blood or marrow transplantation (BMT), we prospectively evaluated all consecutive patients receiving a BMT during a 6-month period in participating EBMT centers. All of them were evaluated for occurrence of VOD according to previously defined clinical criteria. The clinical course, outcome, value of prophylactic and therapeutic interventions, and the influence of previously described risk factors were analyzed. During the study period, 1,652 BMT were performed in 73 centers. VOD was diagnosed in 87 patients (5.3%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 4.2% to 6.4%). Fifty-six of 631 allogeneic BMT (8,9%) and 31 of 1,010 autologous BMT (3.1%) developed this complication (P < .0001). VOD was classified as mild in 7 (8%), moderate in 56 (64.4%), and severe in 24 (27,6%) cases. Sixteen patients died of VOD (corresponding to 1% of the whole series, 18.4% of VOD patients, and 66.7% of severe VOD). The use of unfractionated heparin did not significantly decrease the incidence of VOD. Independent variables associated with an increased risk of VOD were allogeneic BMT (relative risk [RR], 2.8; P < .001), pre-BMT elevation of serum aspartate aminotransferase (RR, 2.4; P = .001), high-dose cytoreductive therapy (RR, 2.3; P = .003), Karnofsky performance score less than 90% (RR, 2.7; P = .006), and prior abdominal radiation (RR, 2.9; P = .03). In conclusion, this prospective study shows that (1) the incidence of VOD is lower than that reported in smaller studies from single centers, (2) about one fourth of cases of VOD progress to severe disease, (3) main risk factors have a major impact on incidence of VOD, and (4) the use of prophylactic unfractionated heparin does not seem to reduce the incidence of VOD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3599-3604
Number of pages6
JournalBlood
Volume92
Issue number10
StatePublished - 15 Nov 1998

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