Incidence and Mortality rate of hip fractures in different age groups during the first wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Ilia Prosso*, Nugzar Oren, Gilad Livshits, Dror Lakstein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic had enormous impact on many aspects of our society, including huge medical, social, and economic challenges. Objective: To evaluate the impact of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic and the related movement restrictions on the incidence of hip fractures in different age groups. Methods: This single center retrospective observational study included all patients over 60 years old admitted to our hospital with the diagnosis of hip fracture during March and April 2020. Exclusion criteria were periprosthetic or pathologic fractures and multitrauma. We collected the same data on all patients with hip fractures admitted during March and April of 2018 and 2019. Results: Mean patient age increased from 81.7 to 85.0 years. Only two of 49 patients tested positive for COVID-19. The data show a decrease of 38% in fracture load, but a striking decrease of 85% and 59% among sexagenarians and septuagenarian, respectively. There was no decrease among nonagenarians. Early mortality, both at 30 days and 90 days, was twice as common during the pandemic. However, stratification by age group demonstrated that the risks of early mortality were the same as previous years. Mean waiting time for surgery decreased from 27.5 to 18.9 hours. Patient discharge to home over a rehabilitation facility increased from 9% to 17%. Conclusions: The COVID-19 pandemic affected the epidemiology of hip fractures in the elderly. The incidence of fractures and age distribution were significantly different from other years. Discharge destinations were also affected. The management of hip fracture patients was not compromised.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-478
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume23
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19)
  • Hip fractures
  • Hospital discharge
  • Mortality
  • Pulmonary complications

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