In vivo study of the efficacy of bupivacaine-eluting novel soy protein wound dressings in a rat burn model

Daniella Goder, Inbar Eshkol-Yogev, Lior Matsliah, Moran Lemberger, Mickey Harlev, Ariel Furer, Meital Zilberman, Dana Egozi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Dealing with wound related pain is an integral part of treatment. Systemic administration of analgesic and anesthetic agents is a common solution for providing pain relief to patients but comes at a risk of severe side effects as well as addiction. To overcome these issues, research efforts were madeto provide a platform for local controlled release of pain killers. We have developed a bilayer soy protein-based wound dressing for the controlled local release of bupivacaine to the wound site. The combination of a dense and a porous layer provides a platform for cell growth and proliferation as well as physical protection to the wound site. The current study focuses on the in vitro bupivacaine release profile from the dressing and the corresponding in vivo results of pain levels in a second-degree burn model on rats. The Rat Grimace Scale method and the Von Frey filaments method were used to quantify both, spontaneous pain and mechanically induced pain. A high burst release of 61.8 ± 1.9% of the loaded drug was obtained during the initial hour, followed by a slower release rate during the following day. The animal trials show that the RGS scores of the bupivacaine-treated group were significantly lower than these of the untreated group, proving a decrease of 51–68% in pain levels during days 1–3 after burn. Hence, successful pain reduction of spontaneous pain as well as mechanically induced pain, for at least three days after burn was achieved. It is concluded that our novel bupivacaine eluting soy protein wound dressings are a promising new concept in the field of local controlled drug release for pain management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)623-632
Number of pages10
JournalBurns
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • Bupivacaine
  • Controlled release
  • Drug delivery
  • Soy protein film
  • Wound dressing

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