In-vitro corrosion and biocompatibility properties of heat treated Mg-4Y-2.25Nd-0.5Zr alloy

Anuradha Jana, Vamsi Krishna Balla*, Mitun Das*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, corrosion and biocompatibility behaviour of Mg-4Y-2.25Nd-0.5Zr alloy (Mg-Y-Nd-Zr) was investigated. The pre-alloyed powder of Mg-Y-Nd-Zr was processed using powder metallurgy (PM) method, followed by further heat treatment at 250 °C for 12 h. The microstructural features of as-sintered and heat treated Mg-Y-Nd-Zr alloy showed secondary phases like Mg24Y5 and Mg41Nd5 in α-Mg matrix. In heat treated samples, the alloy showed improved compressive strength and hardness. The hardness and compressive strength was better for the heat treated Mg-Y-Nd-Zr alloy samples (54 ± 2 HV and 243 ± 30 MPa) compared to heat treated pure Mg samples (44 ± 5 HV and 129 ± 11 MPa). This is because of rearrangement of the secondary phases in the matrix. The corrosion current density of Mg-Y-Nd-Zr alloy samples reduced by 45% (82.2 μA/cm2 for heat treated and 149.3 μA/cm2 for as-sintered) after heat treatment indicating its better corrosion resistance than as-sintered samples. Both heat treated and as-sintered alloy exhibited good biocompatibility and therefore the Mg-Y-Nd-Zr alloy is a potential candidate for biodegradable implants.

Original languageEnglish
Article number127873
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Biocompatibility
  • Biomaterial
  • Corrosion
  • Mg-4Y-2.25Nd-0.5Zr alloy
  • Powder metallurgy


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