In vitro characterization of novel multidrug-eluting soy protein wound dressings

Lior Matsliah, Daniella Goder, Shir Giladi, Meital Zilberman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Polymers derived from natural sources are of interest in the scientific and medical communities, especially soy protein which exhibits low immunogenicity and good mechanical properties, and supports cell proliferation. Soy protein is cost-effective compared to other natural polymers and is attractive also due to its non-animal origin and relatively long storage stability. In the current study, hybrid film structures were developed and studied as a novel wound dressing platform with controlled release of three bioactive agents. The dense top layer is designed to provide mechanical support, control the water vapor permeability and to elute the antibiotic drug cloxacillin and the analgesic drug bupivacaine to the wound site. The porous sub-layer is designed to absorb the wound exudates and release the hemostatic agent tranexamic acid for bleeding control. The results show that the formulation parameters, i.e. crosslinker and plasticizer concentrations, affected the mechanical properties of the wound dressings as well as relevant physical properties (water vapor transmission rate and swelling kinetics), but had almost no effect on the drug-release profiles. While the antibiotic drug and the analgesic drug were released within several hours, the hemostatic agent was released within several minutes, according to the well designed hybrid structure. In conclusion, our novel soy protein hybrid wound dressings are biocompatible, can deliver various drugs simultaneously in a controlled fashion for each drug individually, and can be adjusted to suit various types of wounds by altering their properties through formulation effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)978-993
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Biomaterials Applications
Volume35
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Controlled release
  • analgesic release
  • antibiotic release
  • mechanical properties
  • natural polymer

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