Impulse Oscillometry as an Alternative Lung Function Test for Hospitalized Adults

Eyal Kleinhendler*, Maya Rosman, Elisabeth Fireman, Ophir Freund, Ivgeny Gershman, Irena Pumin, Tal Perluk, Boaz Tiran, Avraham Unterman, Amir Bar-Shai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Impulse oscillometry (IOS) is a noninvasive technique that measures lung physiology independently of patient effort. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the utility of IOS parameters in comparison with pulmonary function testing (PFT) among hospitalized subjects, with emphasis on obstructive and small airway diseases. METHODS: Sixty-one subjects hospitalized either with unexplained dyspnea or for pre-surgery evaluation were included in the study. All subjects underwent PFTs and IOS test. The correlation between IOS results and PFTs was examined in different subgroups. The ability of IOS parameters to predict abnormal PFTs was evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and optimal cutoff values were calculated. RESULTS: IOS results were found to correlate with PFT values. Subgroup analysis revealed that these correlations were higher in younger (age < 70) and non-obese (body mass index < 25kg/m2) subjects. The resonant frequency was an independent predictor and had the best predictive ability for abnormal FEV1/FVC (area under the ROC curve 0.732 [95% CI 0.57–0.90], optimal cutoff 17 Hz, 87% sensitivity, 62% specificity) and abnormal forced expiratory flow during the middle half of the FVC maneuver (area under the ROC curve 0.667 [95% CI 0.53–0.81], optimal cutoff 15 Hz, 77% sensitivity, 54% specificity). Area of reactance and the difference in respiratory resistance at 5 Hz and 20 Hz also showed a good predictive ability for abnormal FEV1/FVC (area under the ROC curve 0.716 and 0.730, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: We found that the IOS performed well in diagnosing small airway and obstructive diseases among hospitalized subjects. IOS might serve as an alternative to standard PFTs in non–cooperative or dyspneic hospitalized patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-421
Number of pages7
JournalRespiratory Care
Volume69
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2024

Keywords

  • body plethysmography
  • impulse oscillometry
  • lung function test
  • spirometry

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