Improving renal phenotype and evolving extra-renal features of 17q12 deletion encompassing the HNF1B gene

Roxana Cleper*, Adi Reches, Dana Shapira, Sharon Simchoni, Lewis Reisman, Liat Ben-Sira, Yuval Yaron, Igal Wolman, Gustavo Malinger, Dana Brabbing-Goldstein, Shay Ben-Shachar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: HNF1B deletion/intragenic mutations are the most commonly identified genetic cause of congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) suggested by fetal ultrasound findings such as: parenchymal hyperechogenicity, overt cystic changes or gross morphological urinary system (UT) abnormalities. The postnatal evolution of these 17q12 deletions encompassing the HNF1B gene-associated findings has not been assessed in depth. Methods: In this observational study, we present postnatal follow-up findings in 5 of 6 cases (one pregnancy was terminated on parental request) of fetal-onset cystic/hyperechogenic kidneys eventually diagnosed with 17q12 microdeletion encompassing the HNF1B gene between 2009 and 2017. Results: Complete normalization of kidney parenchymal abnormalities and of depressed neonatal renal function was observed in 4/5 and 5/5 patients within 2–4.9 years and 1.5–8 months, respectively. All 5 patients had preserved normal renal function at 3–11 years of follow-up. The evolving later-onset renal features included: hypomagnesemia, hyperuricemia, urinary tract infection (UTI), and bilateral grade 3–4 vesicoureteral reflux and bladder diverticula in 3, 3, 2, and 1 patient, respectively. HNF1B gene deletion-associated extra-renal manifestations with delayed presentation were global developmental delay/autistic spectrum disorder (ASD), rolandic-type seizures, overweight, and borderline fasting hyperglycemia observed in 1–2 patients each. Family history was positive for small-size or asymptomatic cystic kidneys with normal function, diabetes mellitus, seizures, and mental/psychiatric problems in 3/6 cases. Conclusions: Fetal-onset HNF1B deletion-associated kidneys’ parenchymal abnormalities confirmed postnatally with initially depressed renal function might undergo complete resolution within several years and few months, respectively. However, later-onset urinary tract, metabolic, and neurodevelopmental features of this mutation might appear over years. Therefore, genetic molecular evaluation/diagnosis and continuous follow-up for evolving features are mandatory in affected children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3130-3139
Number of pages10
JournalTranslational Pediatrics
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • 17q12 deletion
  • Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT)
  • HNF1B gene
  • Hyperechogenic kidneys
  • Hypomagnesemia


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