Improvement in the cervical mucus penetration test by using standard sperm control

Leah Yogev*, R. Gamzu, G. Paz, S. Kleiman, A. Botchan, R. Hauser, J. B. Lessing, H. Yavetz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The objective of the present experiments was to establish an acceptable standard for the cervical mucus penetration test (CMPT) by determining the minimal progressive motile spermatozoa concentration (PMSC) that will yield the highest score for proven fertile donor sperm specimens. For this purpose, fresh and frozen-thawed samples were used. Semen was obtained from 29 fertile donors and different PMSC (8, 10, and 14 x 106/mL) were prepared for each sample. The same mucus specimen was used for testing each sperm sample in the three different dilutions. No difference in the scoring of the CMPT between the fresh vs. frozen-thawed groups was found. When PMSC of 14 x 106/mL was used, almost all specimens scored the highest rank. The present study revealed that only semen samples with a minimal PMSC of 14 x 106/mL cells can be used in the CMPT. The information that the freeze-thaw process does not affect the CMPT results supports the concept of cryopreservation of pooled fertile donor specimens in aliquots with adequate concentration of progressive motile spermatozoa for later use as a CMPT control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-257
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Andrology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Cervical mucus penetration test
  • Cryopreservation
  • Progressive motility concentration


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