Improved prediction of settling behavior of solid particles through machine learning analysis of experimental retention time data

Liron Simon Keren, Teddy Lazebnik*, Alex Liberzon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The motion of particles through density-stratified interfaces is a common phenomenon in environmental and engineering applications. However, the mechanics of particle-stratification interactions in various combinations of particle and fluid properties are not well understood. This study presents a novel machine-learning (ML) approach to experimental data of inertial particles crossing a density-stratified interface. A simplified particle settling experiment was conducted to obtain a large number of particles and expand the parameter range. Using ML, the study explores new correlations that collapse the data gathered in this and in previous work by Verso et al. (2019). The “delay time”, which is the time between the particle exiting the interfacial layer and reaching a steady-state velocity, is found to strongly depend on six dimensionless parameters formulated by ML feature selection. The data shows a correlation between the Reynolds and Froude numbers within the range of the experiments, and the best symbolic regression is based on the Froude number only. This experiment provides valuable insights into the behavior of inertial particles in stratified layers and highlights opportunities for future improvement in predicting their motion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104716
JournalInternational Journal of Multiphase Flow
Volume172
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Funding

FundersFunder number
Israel Science Foundation441/2
Tel Aviv University

    Keywords

    • Density interface
    • Inertial particles
    • Lagrangian trajectories
    • Stratification force

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