Improved distance oracles and spanners for vertex-labeled graphs

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Abstract

Consider an undirected weighted graph G = (V,E) with |V| = n and |E| = m, where each vertex v ∈ V is assigned a label from a set of labels L = {λ 1,...,λ }. We show how to construct a compact distance oracle that can answer queries of the form: "what is the distance from v to the closest λ-labeled vertex" for a given vertex v ∈ V and label λ ∈ L. This problem was introduced by Hermelin, Levy, Weimann and Yuster [ICALP 2011] where they present several results for this problem. In the first result, they show how to construct a vertex-label distance oracle of expected size O(kn 1+1/k ) with stretch (4k-5) and query time O(k). In a second result, they show how to reduce the size of the data structure to O(knℓ 1/k ) at the expense of a huge stretch, the stretch of this construction grows exponentially in k, (2 k -1). In the third result they present a dynamic vertex-label distance oracle that is capable of handling label changes in a sub-linear time. The stretch of this construction is also exponential in k, (2.3 k-1+1). We manage to significantly improve the stretch of their constructions, reducing the dependence on k from exponential to polynomial (4k-5), without requiring any tradeoff regarding any of the other variables. In addition, we introduce the notion of vertex-label spanners: subgraphs that preserve distances between every vertex v ∈ V and label λ ∈ L. We present an efficient construction for vertex-label spanners with stretch-size tradeoff close to optimal.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAlgorithms, ESA 2012 - 20th Annual European Symposium, Proceedings
Pages325-336
Number of pages12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event20th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms, ESA 2012 - Ljubljana, Slovenia
Duration: 10 Sep 201212 Sep 2012

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume7501 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference20th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms, ESA 2012
Country/TerritorySlovenia
CityLjubljana
Period10/09/1212/09/12

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