Imperforate titanium shell enclosing recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2-induced bone formation for high-profile dental implants in rabbit tibia

Nardy Casap, Amir Laviv, Meir Debecco, Michael Alterman, Zvi Laster, Ole T. Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose To evaluate the use of a nonperforated titanium occlusive device over high-profile dental implants in rabbit tibia using recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in an absorbable collagen sponge (ACS) for augmentation grafting. Materials and Methods Eight New Zealand white rabbits were used for the experiment. All rabbits underwent computed tomography of the right tibia. A custom titanium shell was manufactured for each rabbit using a computer-assisted design to confine the graft. Three high-profile implants were placed in the right tibia of each rabbit; the middle implant was placed 8 mm in supracrestal fashion and the adjacent implants were placed 5 mm in supracrestal fashion. There were 4 groups (n = 2 per group): non-shell control, titanium shell only, titanium shell over buffered collagen, and titanium shell over the ACS enriched with rhBMP-2. The animals were sacrificed after 6 or 12 weeks. Histologic preparation was carried out to evaluate bone formation. Results After 6 weeks, negligible bone growth was found around the implants. After 12 weeks, there was minimal bone formation around the implants in the control group, whereas in the group treated with ACS enriched with rhBMP-2, the titanium shell was filled with mature bone, which was expressed at the implant surface, the shell's interior, and the exterior surfaces. Conclusion The placement of ACS enriched with rhBMP-2 beneath an occlusive nonperforated titanium shell confining high-profile dental implants resulted in visibly more formation of mature bone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-252
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume73
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2015
Externally publishedYes

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