Impedance pumping and resonance in a multi-vessel system

Victor Zislin, Moshe Rosenfeld*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Impedance pumping is a mechanism that generates flow in a compliant vessel by repeatedly actuating the vessel asymmetrically, without employing any internal valves, blades, or other mechanisms. The net flow is obtained by establishing a constructive wave pattern. Elaborate studies of impedance pumping in a single vessel have shown that the flow rate strongly depends on the actuation frequency, as well as on other parameters, such as actuator location and amplitude, and that it operates best in the resonance mode. The present study extends these principles to a network of multiple compliant vessels, representing a cardiovascular system. The flow is modeled numerically by the one-dimensional approximation of the Navier-Stokes equations. Two configurations were examined, systems consisting of three and five compliant vessels. First, the natural frequencies of these configurations were identified. Then, the dependence of the net flow rate (NFR) on the actuating frequency was explored, showing that impedance pumping operates best in the resonance mode in the case of a network of vessels as well. The impact of other parameters were studied as well, such as the location of one or two actuators, actuation amplitude, actuator width, the duty cycle, and the phase lag between the actuators. The results show that impedance pumps can generate significant NFR and the obtained NFR can be manipulated by properly setting up one or more of the governing parameters. These findings indicate that impedance pumping principles may be applied to flow control of the cardiovascular system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number63
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2018


FundersFunder number
Israel Science Foundation405/09


    • Cardiovascular system
    • Impedance pumping
    • Multi-vessel system
    • Resonance
    • Valveless pumping


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