Impact on regional winter climate by CO2 increases vs. by maritime-air advection

J. Otterman*, R. Atlas, G. L. Russell, H. Saaroni

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Fractional Outgoing Radiation, FOR (dimensionless), defined as the ratio of Outgoing Longwave Radiation, OLR (W/m2), to upward Surface Longwave Emission, SLE (W/m2), is a basic parameter for analyzing regional greenhouse effect. Here, FOR values are derived from a General Circulation Model by extracting OLR and SLE over areas in east-central Europe (at about 60°N) one hour after injecting appropriate CO2 concentration (adjustments to the atmospheric profile are thus excluded) to the Feb. 1 midnight simulation. The reduction in FOR is 0.00051 when atmospheric CO2 increases by 14 ppm, which is the currently expected per-decade increase. Fluctuations in the North-Atlantic surface winds produce fluctuations in FOR over central Europe: monthly-mean FOR in strong-wind February 1990 was 0.679, but 0.758 in weak-wind, lower cloud-fraction February 1996. Strong maritime-air advection in 1990 resulted thus in FOR reduced by 0.079, effect by two orders-of-magnitude stronger than the decrease effected by the per-decade increase in CO2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)CLM 7-1 - 7-3
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number15
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2003


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