Impact of Vedolizumab on Extraintestinal Manifestations in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Results From a Descriptive, Retrospective, Real-world Study

Uri Kopylov*, Johan Burisch, Shomron Ben-Horin, Fiona Braegger, Alonso Fernández-Nistal, Nuria Lara, Henriette Sophie Heinrich, Stephan R. Vavricka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, may develop extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs). The EMOTIVE study aimed to analyze the effect of vedolizumab on EIMs in a real-world cohort of patients with IBD. Methods: This multicenter, descriptive, retrospective study was conducted in Belgium, Denmark, Israel, the Netherlands, and Switzerland in adults with moderately to severely active IBD and concurrent active EIMs at vedolizumab initiation (index date), with a ≥6-month follow-up after the index date. The primary endpoint was resolution of all EIMs within 6 months of vedolizumab initiation. Results: In 99 eligible patients, the most frequent EIMs were arthralgia (69.7%), peripheral spondyloarthritis (21.2%), and axial spondyloarthritis (10.1%). Within 6 and 12 months of vedolizumab initiation, 19.2% and 25.3% of patients reported resolution of all EIMs, while 36.5% and 49.5% of all EIMs were reported to be improved (combination of resolution and partial response), respectively. Vedolizumab treatment persistence at 12 months was 82.8%. Adverse events were reported in 18.2% of patients, with the most frequent being arthralgia (4.0%). Conclusions: This real-world study showed resolution of all EIMs in up to one-fourth of patients with IBD and improvement in up to half of EIMs within 12 months of vedolizumab treatment. Overall, vedolizumab was effective on EIMs in patients with IBD and showed a good safety profile.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1713-1722
Number of pages10
JournalInflammatory Bowel Diseases
Volume29
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2023

Funding

FundersFunder number
Takeda Pharmaceuticals International

    Keywords

    • Crohn’s disease
    • extraintestinal manifestations
    • real-world study
    • ulcerative colitis
    • vedolizumab

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