Impact of the holocaust on the rehabilitation outcome of older patients sustaining a hip fracture

Eliyahu H. Mizrahi, Emilia Lubart, Anthony Heymann, Arthur Leibovitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Holocaust survivors report a much higher prevalence of osteoporosis and fracture in the hip joint compared to those who were not Holocaust survivors. Objectives: To evaluate whether being a Holocaust survivor could affect the functional outcome of hip fracture in patients 64 years of age and older undergoing rehabilitation. Methods: A retrospective cohort study compromising 140 consecutive hip fracture patients was conducted in a geriatric and rehabilitation department of a university-affiliated hospital. Being a Holocaust survivor was based on registry data. Functional outcome was assessed by the Functional Independence MeasureTM (FIM) at admission and discharge from the rehabilitation ward. Data were analyzed by t-test, chi-square test, and linear regression analysis. Results: Total and motor FIM scores at admission (P = 0.004 and P = 0.006, respectively) and total and motor FIM gain scores at discharge (P = 0.008 and P = 0.004 respectively) were significantly higher in non-Holocaust survivors compared with Holocaust survivors. A linear regression analysis showed that being a Holocaust survivor was predictive of lower total FIM scores at discharge (β = -0.17, P = 0.004). Conclusion: Hip fracture in Holocaust survivors showed lower total, motor FIM and gain scores at discharge compared to nonHolocaust survivor patients. These results suggest that being a Holocaust survivor could adversely affect the rehabilitation outcome following fracture of the hip and internal fixation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-210
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2017


  • Functional outcome
  • Hip fracture
  • Holocaust survivor
  • Rehabilitation


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