Impact of maternal obesity on fetal health

Kinneret Tenenbaum-Gavish, Moshe Hod

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The obesity epidemic is a problem of global importance with a profound impact on maternal-fetal health. Maternal overweight and obesity causes pregnancy complications such as gestational diabetes, hypertension and preeclampsia and affects fetal growth. Maternal obesity offers an altered genetic, hormonal and biochemical environment for the developing fetus/embryo and influences fetal growth and organ development. Offspring of obese mothers are subject to an increased risk of fetal demise, congenital anomalies and disrupted growth patterns, causing an increase in perinatal mortality. The impact of maternal obesity extends beyond intrauterine and neonatal life to childhood, adolescence and adulthood.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalFetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013

Keywords

  • Childhood obesity
  • Congenital anomalies
  • Fetal programming
  • Macrosomia
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy complications

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