Impact of intravenous Beta-Blockade before primary angioplasty on survival in patients undergoing mechanical reperfusion therapy for acute myocardial infarction

Amir Halkin, Cindy L. Grines, David A. Cox, Eulogio Garcia, Roxana Mehran, James E. Tcheng, John J. Griffin, Giulio Guagliumi, Bruce Brodie, Mark Turco, Barry D. Rutherford, Eve Aymong, Alexandra J. Lansky, Gregg W. Stone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives We sought to examine the effect of intravenous beta-blockers administered before primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on survival and myocardial recovery after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Background Studies of primary PCI but not thrombolysis have suggested that beta-blocker administration before reperfusion may enhance survival. Whether oral beta-blocker use before admission modulates this effect is unknown. Methods The Controlled Abciximab and Device Investigation to Lower Late Angioplasty Complications (CADILLAC) trial randomized 2,082 AMI patients to either stenting or balloon angioplasty, each ± abciximab. In accordance with the protocol, intravenous beta-blockers were administered before PCI in the absence of contraindications. Results A total of 1,136 patients (54.5%, BB+ group) received beta-blockers before PCI, whereas 946 (45.5%, BB- group) did not. The 30-day mortality was significantly lower in the BB+ group than in the BB- group (1.5% vs. 2.8%, p = 0.03), an effect entirely limited to patients who had not been receiving beta-blockers before admission (1.2% vs. 2.9%, p = 0.007). In contrast, no survival benefit with pre-procedural beta-blockers was observed in patients receiving beta-blockers at home (3.3% vs. 1.9%, respectively, p = 0.47). By multivariate analysis, pre-procedural beta-blocker use was an independent predictor of lower 30-day mortality among patients without previous beta-blocker therapy (relative risk = 0.38 [95% confidence interval 0.17 to 0.87], p = 0.02). The improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction from baseline to seven months was also greater after intravenous beta-blockers (3.8% vs. 1.3%, p = 0.01), an effect limited to patients not receiving oral beta-blockers before admission. Conclusions In patients with AMI undergoing primary PCI, myocardial recovery is enhanced and 30-day mortality is reduced with pre-procedural intravenous beta-blockade, effects confined to patients untreated with oral beta-blocker medication before admission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1780-1787
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume43
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 May 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • acute myocardial infarction
  • AMI
  • CADILLAC
  • CI
  • confidence interval
  • Controlled Abciximab and Device Investigation to Lower Late Angioplasty Complications
  • hazard ratio
  • HR
  • left ventricular ejection fraction
  • LVEF
  • PAMI

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