Impact of contemporary regimens on the outcomes and toxicity of primary CNS lymphoma: a single-center retrospective analysis of 73 patients

Nadav Sarid*, Felix Bokstein, Deborah T. Blumenthal, Ahuva Weiss-Meilik, Lili Gibstein, Irit Avivi, Chava Perry, Ron Ram

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare disease with a dismal prognosis compared to its systemic large B-cell lymphoma counterpart. Real world data are limited, when considering a uniform backbone treatment. Methods: A retrospective study of all adult patients treated sequentially with a high-dose methotrexate (HD MTX)-based regimen in a single tertiary medical center between 2003 and 2019. Results: The 2015–2019 period differed from its predecessor in that most patients were treated with an HD MTX-based polychemotherapy regimen as opposed to HD MTX monotherapy (81% vs. 13%, P <.001), rituximab was given as standard of care (100% vs. 56%, P <.01), and most induction-responsive patients received consolidation treatment (70% vs. 18%, P =.01). The median progression-free and overall survival (OS) for the entire cohort (n = 73, mean age 64 years) was 9.9 and 29.8 months, respectively. Patients diagnosed between 2015 and 2019 had superior OS (P =.03) compared to those treated earlier. An interim partial response (PR) state, documented after two cycles of chemotherapy, was associated with increased incidence of progression, with only 33% of those patients achieving end-of-induction complete response. Twenty-three percent of patients developed thrombotic events and 44% developed grade 3–4 infections. HD MTX-based polychemotherapy induction was associated with both increase in thrombotic and infection incidence. Conclusions: Contemporary HD MTX-based combination therapies suggestively improved the outcomes for PCNSL, but at a cost of increased incidence of toxicity. Patients who achieve an interim PR status are at a high risk for treatment failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-220
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuro-Oncology
Volume151
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • High-dose methotrexate
  • Primary central nervous system lymphoma
  • Prognosis
  • Toxicity

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