Impact of an extended challenge on the effectiveness of β-lactam hypersensitivity investigation

Roy Ratzon, Avner Reshef, Ori Efrati, Michal Deutch, Rinat Forschmidt, Tali Cukierman-Yaffe, Ron Kenett, Mona Iancovici Kidon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Drug provocation tests (DPTs) are the gold standard in the diagnosis of β-lactam hypersensitivity. However, no consensus exists on the need for extended provocation tests, even though the effectiveness of the short DPT is relatively low and there has been an increase in the relative incidence of nonimmediate hypersensitivity reactions. Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of a 7-day (extended) DPT compared with a 1-day-only (short) DPT in the management of hypersensitivity reactions to β-lactam antibiotics. Methods Patients referred to the allergy clinic of the Sheba Medical Center for suspected β-lactam hypersensitivity from January 2008 to December 2012 underwent in vivo skin tests and an immediate short DPT with the culprit drug. Unless an immediate reaction was clearly documented, patients were offered a 7-day, extended DPT. Long-term effectiveness, calculated as the subsequent use of the tested antibiotic, and satisfaction levels were assessed with a telephone questionnaire. Results Of 49 negative DPT results, 26 (53%) were long and 23 (47%) were short. A total of 78% of the patients who underwent the long DPT reported that they used the drug compared with 61% of those who underwent only the short DPT (P =.049). Most patients were very satisfied with the drug allergy evaluation process. Conclusions An extended DPT protocol increased the effectiveness of the allergy workup in our center without compromising patient satisfaction and safety, and it should be recommended to patients with a history of nonimmediate reaction to β-lactam.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-333
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology
Volume116
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2016

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