Immunoregulatory mechanisms in pregnancy: 1. Evidence for the α-fetoprotein-induced generation of suppressor cells in vitro

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Abstract

The generation of active suppressor cells has been induced in vitro by preculturing of splenocytes from normal mice in the presence of mouse amniotic fluid (MAF) and α-fetoprotein (AFP). By using freshly explanted splenocytes, addition of such precultured lymphocytes abrogated the generation of specific cytotoxic lymphocytes (CTL) in primary mixed lymphocyte cultures. Effective suppression can be induced only when the precultured cells are added within the first 48 hr of culture. These suppressor cells are nylon-wool nonadherent and their effect could be almost abolished by treatment with anti-Thy-1,2 serum plus complement. The precursors of the suppressor cells are sensitive to hydrocortisone and resistent to low doses of radiation. The induction of suppressor cells by AFP may be one of the mechanisms resulting in deviant immune response during pregnancy and in the newborn.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41,44
JournalTransplantation
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1982

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