Immune regulatory activity of CD34+ progenitor cells: Evidence for a deletion-based mechanism mediated by TNF-α

Hilit Gur, Rita Krauthgamer, Esther Bachar-Lustig, Helena Katchman, Rinat Arbel-Goren, Alain Berrebi, Tirza Klein, Arnon Nagler, Antonio Tabilio, Massimo F. Martelli, Yair Reisner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies suggest that cells within the CD34+ hematopoietic stem cell compartment are endowed with immune regulatory activity. Furthermore, it is possible to expand the human regulatory cells upon short-term culture of purified CD34+ cells with an early-acting cytokine cocktail. We now show that addition of anti-CD28, anti-CD2, interleukin-2 (1L-2), anti-IL-10, or IL-12 to the bulk mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) cannot reverse the inhibitory activity of the CD34+ cells, ruling out energy-based mechanisms or mechanisms involving Th1-Th2 skewing. Furthermore, phenotyping of cells present after addition of CD34+ cells to the bulk MLR ruled out potential induction of plasmacytoid dendritic precursors, known to be endowed with regulatory activity. In contrast, the inhibitory activity of CD34+ cells could be reversed by adding the caspase inhibitor BD-FMK to the bulk MLR, indicating a deletion-based mechanism. The deletion can be inhibited by anti-tumor necrosis factor-α (anti-TNF-α) and not by anti-transforming growth factor-β (anti-TGF-β), suggesting a potential role for TNF-α in the regulatory activity of CD34+ cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2585-2593
Number of pages9
JournalBlood
Volume105
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2005

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