Immune cell C/EBPβ deficiency is associated with hepatic mononuclear defects and spontaneous hepatitis but not steatohepatitis induced liver fibrosis

Itay Moshkovits, Ayelet Kaminitz, Debby Reuveni, Metsada Pasmanik-Chor, Eli Brazowski, Alexander Mildner, Achim Leutz, Ehud Zigmond*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein β (C/EBPβ) is a transcription factor known to be involved in macrophage differentiation and function, steatohepatitis and liver fibrosis. Methods: Immune restricted C/EBPβ deficient and control mice were investigated in steady-state and in the CDA-HFD steatohepatitis model. Mice were assessed for weight change, liver biochemical profile, histology and hepatic phagocytes composition. Results: Flow cytometry analysis of hepatic nonparenchymal cells revealed reduced numbers of hepatic monocytes and Kupffer cells and an increase in hepatic MHC class II positive myeloid cells in immune cells restricted C/EBPβ deficient mice. Immune-restricted C/EBPβ deficiency resulted in decreased weight gain and appearance of mild spontaneous liver inflammation. Nevertheless, In the CDA-HFD steatohepatitis model, immune restricted C/EBPβ deficient and proficient mice exhibit similar grade of hepatic steatosis, liver enzymes levels and fibrosis stage. Conclusions: Immune-restricted C/EBPβ deficiency leads to significant alteration in hepatic mononuclear phagocytes composition associated with spontaneous mild hepatitis. Steatohepatitis associated fibrosis is not dependent on C/EBPβ expression by immune cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere728
JournalImmunity, inflammation and disease
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • cells
  • molecules
  • monocytes/macrophages
  • transcription factors

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