IL-1 and tumor necrosis factor. Similarities and differences in stimulation of expression of alternative pathway of complement and IFN-β2/IL-6 genes in human fibroblasts

Y. Katz, R. C. Strunk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

IL-1 and TNF induced concentration-related increases in the synthesis of factor B, C3, and IFN-β2/IL-6 in human skin fibroblasts. Effects of both stimuli were apparent with concentrations as low as 0.1 ng/ml and maximal responses were observed between 1 and 10 ng/ml; only for IL-1 induction of IFN-β2/IL-6 was there a further increase in response up to 100 ng/ml. For factor B and C3, maximal increases induced by IL-1 and TNF were similar: 119- and 109-fold for factor B and 15-fold and 11-fold for C3, respectively. Although both IL-1 and TNF increase synthesis of factor B and C3 in hepatocytes, the increases observed in fibroblasts were approximately 50- and 8-fold more for factor B and C3, respectively. Neither protein synthesis nor mRNA for IFN-β2/IL-6 was present in HepG2 cells either before or after stimulation with IL-1 or TNF. In contrast to the similarities between the effects of IL-1 and TNF on synthesis of factor B, C3, and IFN-β2/IL-6, only TNF increased synthesis of factor H. Because TNF induces membrane IL-1 in fibroblasts, it is possible to speculate that the effects of TNF on fibroblasts are due to induction of IL-1. An autocrine action of TNF through IL-1 is possible for TNF-induced synthesis of IFN-β2/IL-6, but the effects of TNF on synthesis of factor B, C3, and factor H indicated that TNF has effects on fibroblasts separate from IL-1. The effects of IL-1 and TNF on the synthesis of factor B and C3 in fibroblasts may be a part of an acute phase response occurring at a local level. However, the large responses in synthesis of factor B and C3 to IL-1 and TNF may suggest that factor B and C3 have a role, as yet undescribed, in tissues in addition to the role these proteins are known to play in inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3862-3867
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume142
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

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