III The Theory of Optimal Methods for Localization of Objects in Pictures

L. P. Yaroslavsky*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Scopus citations


This chapter discusses the theory of optimal methods for localization of objects in pictures. One of the major goals of picture processing is to provide information on the relative location of objects in space. In many applications, detection and localization of objects is of extreme practical importance. The chapter analyzes the factors, such as signal-independent noise and the treatment of the most general situation of pictures with a cluttered background. The chapter also provides a general analysis of the potential accuracy and the reliability of object localization in the presence of additive Gaussian noise. The main problem of localization is the anomalous errors caused by the background outside objects. The problem of object localization in pictures with a complex background, like photographs of natural scenes, aerial, and space photographs of the Earth is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-201
Number of pages57
JournalProgress in Optics
Issue numberC
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1993
Externally publishedYes


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