Rearrangement of the EWSR1 gene (22q12.2) is a well-recognized genetic lesion in bone and soft tissue tumors. However, few reports have suggested that EWSR1 rearrangements may also occur in the setting of hematopoietic tumors. We herein describe two cases of immature hematopoietic neoplasms presenting with EWSR1 rearrangements. The first occurred in a 41-year-old female diagnosed with mixed-phenotype acute leukemia, B/T/myeloid, in which conventional chromosome analysis revealed a t(2;22)(q35;q12). Further analysis with whole genome sequencing revealed that this rearrangement led to an EWSR1::FEV gene fusion. The second case was identified in an 18-year-old male with a high-grade B-cell lineage malignant neoplasm with immature features in which conventional chromosome analysis revealed a t(17;22)(q25;q12). Mate-pair sequencing, a next generation sequencing-based assay, was performed and revealed three in-frame chimeric gene fusions involving the EWSR1, TEF and STRADA gene regions. This report further expands the repertoire of hematopoietic neoplasms with EWSR1 fusions and partner genes involved in these rearrangements.
- Immature hematologic neoplasms