Identification of a novel metastasis inducing lncRNA which suppresses the KAI1/CD82 metastasis suppressor gene and is upregulated in triple-negative breast cancer

Ronni Aram, Iris Dotan, Agnes Hotz-Wagenblatt, Dan Canaani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inactivation of tumor/metastasis suppressor genes via epigenetic silencing is a frequent event in human cancers. KAI1/CD82 is a metastasis suppressor gene whose normal protecting activity is deficient in twelve different solid malignancies. Here we have identified and characterized a primarily nuclear non-polyadenylated, antisense (as)-lncRNA, initiating upstream of the KAI1 human metastasis suppressor gene transcription start site; and elongating in the opposite direction to KAI1 mRNA. We show that the KAI1 promoter is bi-directional giving rise to KAI1 mRNA and its as-lncRNA. Moreover, expression of this lncRNA transcript emerges to be inversely related to the KAI1 mRNA expression, and in direct relationship to the invasiveness level of human breast cancer derived cell lines. Importantly, knockdown of the KAI1 as-lncRNA in the triple-negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 have led to increased KAI1 mRNA and protein expression, manifested in stronger adhesion to fibronectin, retardation of cell migration and reduced cell invasion in vitro. Accordingly we have named this lncRNA, SKAI1BC, standing for "Suppressor of KAI1 in Breast Cancer". These results uncover a potential way to harness tumor metastasis via targeting SKAI1BC in human breast cancer, and perhaps also in other KAI1-deficient human malignancies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67538-67552
Number of pages15
JournalOncotarget
Volume8
Issue number40
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Sep 2017

Keywords

  • epigenetic gene regulation
  • lncRNA
  • lncRNA and metastasis
  • metastasis suppressor genes
  • triple-negative breast cancer

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