Hypoxia-induced inhibin promotes tumor growth and vascular permeability in ovarian cancers

Ben Horst, Shrikant Pradhan, Roohi Chaudhary, Eduardo Listik, Liz Quintero-Macias, Alex Seok Choi, Michael Southard, Yingmiao Liu, Regina Whitaker, Nadine Hempel, Andrew Berchuck, Andrew B. Nixon, Nam Y. Lee, Yoav I. Henis, Karthikeyan Mythreye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hypoxia, a driver of tumor growth and metastasis, regulates angiogenic pathways that are targets for vessel normalization and ovarian cancer management. However, toxicities and resistance to anti-angiogenics can limit their use making identification of new targets vital. Inhibin, a heteromeric TGFβ ligand, is a contextual regulator of tumor progression acting as an early tumor suppressor, yet also an established biomarker for ovarian cancers. Here, we find that hypoxia increases inhibin levels in ovarian cancer cell lines, xenograft tumors, and patients. Inhibin is regulated primarily through HIF-1, shifting the balance under hypoxia from activins to inhibins. Hypoxia regulated inhibin promotes tumor growth, endothelial cell invasion and permeability. Targeting inhibin in vivo through knockdown and anti-inhibin strategies robustly reduces permeability in vivo and alters the balance of pro and anti-angiogenic mechanisms resulting in vascular normalization. Mechanistically, inhibin regulates permeability by increasing VE-cadherin internalization via ACVRL1 and CD105, a receptor complex that we find to be stabilized directly by inhibin. Our findings demonstrate direct roles for inhibins in vascular normalization via TGF-β receptors providing new insights into the therapeutic significance of inhibins as a strategy to normalize the tumor vasculature in ovarian cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number536
JournalCommunications Biology
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

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