Hyponatremia is associated with poor prognosis among patients with chest pain discharged from internal medicine wards following acute coronary syndrome-rule-out

Guy Topaz*, David Pereg, Efrat Gur, Yona Kitay-Cohen, Elad Ben-Zvi, Mayan Eitan, Sydney Benchetrit, Keren Cohen-Hagai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte abnormality observed in clinical practice. Among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), serum sodium levels are inversely associated with mortality risk. We assessed associations of serum sodium level with ACS and mortality in patients with chest pain. Methods This retrospective cohort study used clinical data from a large, academic hospital. All adults admitted with chest pain and without hypernatremia and discharged after ACS rule-out from January 2010 through June 2016 were included. The primary endpoint was the composite of 30-day ACS and mortality. Secondary endpoints were a hospital admission due to ACS and mortality in the first year following discharge. Results Included were 12 315 patients (mean age 58.2 ± 13 years, 60% male). Patients were classified according to the serum sodium (Na) level: hyponatremia, defined as less than 135 mEq/L (n = 289, 2.3%); 140 > Na ≥ 135 mEq/L (n = 8066, 65.5%), and 145 > Na ≥ 140 mEq/L (n = 3960, 32.2%). Patients with serum sodium more than 145 mEq/L were excluded. Among patients with hyponatremia, low-normal, and high-normal levels, rates of the composite outcome of unadjusted 30-day all-cause mortality and ACS admission were 4.5, 1.0, and 0.7%, respectively (P < 0.001). Unadjusted one-year ACS rates were 3.8, 1.5, and 1.4%, respectively (P < 0.01). Conclusion Hyponatremia is associated with higher mortality and ACS risk among patients with chest pain who were discharged from internal medicine wards following ACS-rule-out. Sodium level may be included in the risk stratification of patients with chest pain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-151
Number of pages5
JournalCoronary Artery Disease
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • acute coronary syndrome
  • chest pain
  • hyponatremia
  • mortality

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Hyponatremia is associated with poor prognosis among patients with chest pain discharged from internal medicine wards following acute coronary syndrome-rule-out'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this