Hyperprolactinemia, galactorrhea and amenorrhea in women with a spinal cord injury

M. Berezin*, A. Ohry, Y. Shemesh, G. Zeilig, M. E. Brooks

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Six women with a traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) developed hyperprolactinemia, amenorrhea and galactorrhea. Five of them had thoracic level lesions and 1 had a lumbosacral lesion. Two were postpartum and 1 was pregnant at the time of injury. Transient diabetes insipidus developed in 1 patient. Temporary administration of bromocriptine decreased prolactin levels, caused cessation of lactation and restored ovulatory cycles. The syndrome disappeared spontaneously in all 6 patients. Pituitary stalk concussion resulting from the trauma might cause this phenomenon, with the level of the cord injury playing a role. Being pregnant or early postpartum can predispose women to develop this syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-163
Number of pages5
JournalGynecological Endocrinology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1989


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