Hyperglycaemic hormones inhibit protein and mRNA synthesis in in vitro- incubated ovarian fragments of the marine shrimp Penaeus semisulcatus

M. Khayat, W. J. Yang, K. Aida, H. Nagasawa, A. Tietz, B. Funkenstein, E. Lubzens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present work shows for the first time that peptides belonging to the Crustacean hyperglycaemic hormone family (CHH-family hormones) from Penaeus japonicus affect protein and mRNA synthesis in in vitro-incubated ovarian explant fragments removed from vitellogenic females of Penaeus semisulcatus. Reduced levels of protein synthesis, determined by TCA-precipitable 35S- labeled proteins, were found in the presence of crude sinus gland extracts from both P. semisulcatus and P. japonicus. A similar inhibitory effect compared to controls was found with each of the seven CHH-family peptides. Non-CHH-family peptides did not reduce protein synthesis. Crude sinus gland extracts prepared from P semisulcatus were at least 20-fold more effective than sinus gland extracts of P. japonicus. The inhibition level was directly related to the concentration of the peptide in the incubation media, but its degree varied among the different tested peptides. The profile of proteins synthesized during in vitro incubation was analyzed using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under denatured and reduced conditions (SDS-PAGE), followed by autoradiography. Synthesis of several proteins was reduced, including proteins with electrophoretic mobility similar to that of vitellin. Immunoprecipitation with antiserum prepared against native ovarian vitellin confirmed the inhibitory effect of CHH-family peptides on vitellin synthesis. The crude sinus gland extract and CHH-family peptides also inhibited RNA synthesis, as determined by [3H]uridine incorporation into mRNA of ovarian fragments. It is concluded that in addition to their role in carbohydrate metabolism, CHH-family peptides may also influence ovarian physiology in crustaceans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-318
Number of pages12
JournalGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology
Volume110
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1998

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