Hydrodynamical simulations of galaxy clusters with galcons

Yinon Arieli*, Yoel Rephaeli, Michael L. Norman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present our recently developed galcon approach to hydrodynamical cosmological simulations of galaxy clusters - a subgrid model added to the Enzo adaptive mesh refinement code - which is capable of tracking galaxies within the cluster potential and following the feedback of their main baryonic processes. Galcons are physically extended galactic constructs within which baryonic processes are modeled analytically. By identifying galaxy halos and initializing galcons at high redshift (z ∼ 3, well before most clusters virialize), we are able to follow the evolution of star formation (SF), galactic winds, and ram pressure stripping of interstellar media, along with their associated mass, metals, and energy feedback into intracluster (IC) gas, which are deposited through a well-resolved spherical interface layer. Our approach is fully described and all results from initial simulations with the enhanced Enzo-Galcon code are presented. With a galactic SF rate derived from the observed cosmic SF density, our galcon simulation better reproduces the observed properties of IC gas, including the density, temperature, metallicity, and entropy profiles. By following the impact of a large number of galaxies on IC gas we explicitly demonstrate the advantages of this approach in producing a lower stellar fraction, a larger gas core radius, an isothermal temperature profile in the central cluster region, and a flatter metallicity gradient than in a standard simulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)918-928
Number of pages11
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2010


  • Galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium
  • Hydrodynamics


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