Human moricizine metabolism. I. Isolation and identification of metabolites in human urine

L. E. Richards, H. J. Pieniaszek, S. Shatzmiller, G. O. Page, K. F. Blom, J. M. Read, A. F. Davidson, P. N. Confalone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

1. Using synthetic standards and/or spectral data, seven moricizine metabolites were structurally identified in human urine. Two novel metabolites were identified as phenothiazine-2-carbamic acid and ethyl [10-(3-aminopropionyl) phenothiazin-2-yl] carbamate. Two novel human moricizine metabolites, 2-amino-10-(3-morpholinopropionyl) phenothiazine, a previously identified dog metabolite, and 2-aminophenothiazine, a previously identified rat metabolite, were also identified. Three additional human metabolites, phenothiazine-2-carbamic acid ethyl ester sulphoxide (P2CAEES), moricizine sulphoxide, and ethyl {10-[N-(2'-hydroxyethyl)3-aminopropionyl] phenothiazin-2-yl} carbamate, all previously described in the literature, were observed. 2. Both 2-amino-10-(3-morpholinopropionyl) phenothiazine and ethyl [10-(3-aminopropionyl) phenothiazin-2-yl] carbamate, and possibly ethyl {10-[N-(2'-hydroxyethyl)3-aminopropionyl]phenothiazin-2-yl} carbamate, possess the structural characteristics thought to be necessary for class 1 antiarrhythmic activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-229
Number of pages13
JournalXenobiotica
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

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