An in vitro human antibody dependent cell mediated cytotoxicity system was used to study the adherence of nonsensitized attacking lymphocytes from peripheral blood to antibody coated melanoma target cells. Specific adherence of attacking cells was documented by labeling the lymphocytes with 51Cr. The degree of specific adherence was proportional to antibody concentration and incubation time and could be detected before the lysis of target cells. Adsorption of attacking lymphocytes on immune serum treated target cells depleted B cells, enriched T cells, and removed most cytotoxic activity of nonadherent lymphocytes in this system. These results were not found when attacking lymphocytes were adsorbed on normal serum treated target cells.