Human chorionic gonadotropin: Pharmacokinetics of subcutaneous administration

A. Weissman*, S. Lurie, Y. Zalel, R. Goldchmit, Z. Shoham

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The objective of the present study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) following different regimens of subcutaneous and intramuscular single-dose administration. Two hypogonadotropic hypogonadal volunteers received hCG injections without prior ovarian stimulation. The regimens included a single dose of 10 000 IU hCG either subcutaneously or intramuscularly. Serum β-hCG concentrations were measured periodically up to 13 days after hCG administration. Each of the three regimens exhibit a similar pharmacokinetic profile, and the highest serum β-hCG concentrations were achieved with a dose of 10 000 IU administered subcutaneously. Seven days after hCG administration β-hCG was detectable only after subcutaneous and intramuscular administration of 10 000 IU, but not after a single intramuscular injection of 5000 IU. From the preliminary results of the study it is suggested that a single intramuscular dose of 5000 IU hCG might be sufficient to trigger ovulation, but for luteal-phsae support a higher dose may be needed. Subcutaneous administration of hCG for the induction of ovulation or luteal-phase support in gonadotropin-induced cycles is feasible and might offer a better tolerance and cost-effectiveness of infertility treatments, leading to their further simplification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-276
Number of pages4
JournalGynecological Endocrinology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Human chorionic gonadotropin
  • Intramuscular administration
  • Ovulation induction
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Subcutaneous administration


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