Human african trypanosomiasis in a traveler: Diagnostic pitfalls

Eyal Meltzer, Eyal Leshem*, Shmuel Steinlauf, Shulamit Michaeli, Yechezkel Sidi, Eli Schwartz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


An Israeli traveler returning from Tanzania presented with a relapsing febrile illness. A diagnosis of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense infection was established by blood smear after nearly a month. Blood polymerase chain reaction failed to provide an early diagnosis of human African trypanososmiasis. Recognition of suggestive signs should prompt physicians to perform repeated tests before ruling out human African trypanososmiasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)264-266
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2012


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