Hormone balance in a climacteric plum fruit and its non-climacteric bud mutant during ripening

Macarena Farcuh, David Toubiana, Nir Sade, Rosa M. Rivero, Adi Doron-Faigenboim, Eiji Nambara, Avi Sadka, Eduardo Blumwald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hormone balance plays a crucial role in the control of fruit ripening. We characterized and compared hormone balance in two Japanese plum cultivars (Prunus salicina Lindl.), namely Santa Rosa, a climacteric type, and Sweet Miriam, its non-climacteric bud-sport mutant. We assessed hormonal changes in gene expression associated with hormone biosynthesis, perception and signaling during ripening on-the tree and throughout postharvest storage and in response to ethylene treatments. Non-climacteric fruit displayed lower ethylene levels than climacteric fruit at all stages and lower auxin levels during the initiation of ripening on-the-tree and during most of post-harvest storage. Moreover, 1-MCP-induced ethylene decrease also resulted in low auxin contents in Santa Rosa, supporting the role of auxin in climacteric fruit ripening. The differences in auxin contents between Santa Rosa and Sweet Miriam fruit could be the consequence of different routed auxin biosynthesis pathways as indicated by the significant negative correlations between clusters of auxin metabolism-associated genes. Ethylene induced increased ABA levels throughout postharvest storage in both ripening types. Overall, ripening of Santa Rosa and Sweet Miriam fruit are characterized by distinct hormone accumulation pathways and interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-65
Number of pages15
JournalPlant Science
Volume280
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • ABA
  • Auxin
  • Climacteric
  • Ethylene
  • Fruit ripening
  • Hormone balance
  • Non-climacteric
  • Plum

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