Holocaust survivors: Coping with post-traumatic memories in childhood and 40 years later

A. Mazor*, Y. Gampel, R. D. Enright, R. Orenstein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This essay deals with coping processes of childhood trauma of survivors who were children during World War II over the lifecycle in a nonclinical group. The main issues refer to: (1) responses to war memories immediately after the war and 40 years later; (2) dealing with memories and feelings at present; (3) victims' feelings and attitudes toward the persecutor; (4) attitudes of survivors' children to the war experience of their parents; and (5) coping styles immediately and 40 years after the war, including the survivors' responses at present. Using a semistructural interview and a qualitative content analysis of interviews, it is suggested that for most persons the reactivation of memories and the need to document their experiences enhances, in a limited scope, the recognition of their loss and brings some relief; it also discloses new ways for these adults to comprehend their traumatic past.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1990

Keywords

  • coping styles
  • holocaust survivors
  • memory processes

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