Significance: Alzheimers disease (AD) is an irreversible and progressive disorder that damages brain cells and impairs the cognitive abilities of the affected. Developing a sensitive and cost-effective method to detect Alzheimers biomarkers appears vital in both a diagnostic and therapeutic perspective. Aim: Our goal is to develop a sensitive and reliable tool for detection of amyloid β (1-42) peptide (Aβ42), a major AD biomarker, using fiber-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (FERS). Approach: A hollow core photonic crystal fiber (HCPCF) was integrated with a conventional Raman spectroscopic setup to perform FERS measurements. FERS was then coupled with surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) to further amplify the Raman signal thanks to a combined FERS-SERS assay. Results: A minimum 20-fold enhancement of the Raman signal of Aβ42 as compared to a conventional Raman spectroscopy scheme was observed using the HCPCF-based light delivery system. The signal was further boosted by decorating the fiber core with gold bipyramids generating an additional SERS effect, resulting in an overall 200 times amplification. Conclusions: The results demonstrate that the use of an HCPCF-based platform can provide sharp and intense Raman signals of Aβ42, in turn paving the way toward the development of a sensitive label-free detection tool for early diagnosis of AD.
- amyloid β-peptide
- fiber-enhanced Raman spectroscopy
- liquid biopsy
- surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy