HIV-1/2 screening in blood centers: implementing a two-step serological screening assay approach to reduce donor deferral

Evgeniy Stoyanov, Yael Gozlan, Marina Wax, Evelina Levin, Lea Shvartz, Eilat Shinar, Ella Mendelson, Orna Mor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Screening blood donations for human immunodeficiency virus 1/2 (HIV-1/2) infection in blood centers is often done with a highly sensitive 3rd-generation immunoassay which may cause false-positive results. Donations found repeatedly reactive (RR) are discarded regardless of negative HIV-1/2 nucleic acid testing (NAT) and confirmatory assays results. These donors are notified and deferred if RR in a subsequent donation. We evaluated the introduction of a secondary 4th-generation serological assay to the overall algorithm performance. METHODS: All donations collected between January 2016 and May 2018 (574,338) were screened using 3rd-generation immunoassay (PRISM HIV O Plus) and NAT (Procleix Ultrio/Ultrio Elite). Serology RR donations were tested with 4th-generation Architect HIV Ag/Ab Combo and Vidas HIV Duo Ultra and a confirmatory assay (Geenius HIV-1/2). RESULTS: The two 4th-generation assays found that 86% (179/209 on Architect) and 94% (182/193 on Vidas) of the 3rd-generation immunoassay RR were negative for HIV-1/2, which were also negative by confirmatory assay. Only 14% (30/209 on Architect) and 6% (11/193 on Vidas) that were 3rd-generation HIV-1/2 RR required confirmation, of which eight donors were confirmed as HIV positive. The probability of missing an HIV-1 infected donor by this algorithm is one in a million RR cases. CONCLUSION: The introduction of a two-step serological screening algorithm in blood centers whereby 4th-generation assay will be performed for all 3rd-generation RR blood donors will reduce the number of donations requiring confirmation, save time and money, and most importantly, reduce the number of discarded blood donations and allow re-entry processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2054-2060
Number of pages7
JournalTransfusion
Volume59
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

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