Histomorphometrical Analysis following Augmentation of Infected Extraction Sites Exhibiting Severe Bone Loss and Primarily Closed by Intrasocket Reactive Soft Tissue

Ofer Mardinger, Marilena Vered, Gavriel Chaushu, Joseph Nissan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Intrasocket reactive soft tissue can be used for primary closure during augmentation of infected extraction sites exhibiting severe bone loss prior to implant placement. The present study evaluated the histological characteristics of the initially used intrasocket reactive soft tissue, the overlying soft tissue, and the histomorphometry of the newly formed bone during implant placement. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six consecutive patients (43 sites) were included in the study. Extraction sites demonstrating extensive bone loss on preoperative periapical and panoramic radiographs served as inclusion criteria. Forty-three implants were inserted after a healing period of 6 months. Porous bovine xenograft bone mineral was used as a single bone substitute. The intrasocket reactive soft tissue was sutured over the grafting material to seal the coronal portion of the socket. Biopsies of the intrasocket reactive soft tissue at augmentation, healed mucosa, and bone cores at implant placement were retrieved and evaluated. Results: The intrasocket reactive soft tissue demonstrated features compatible with granulation tissue and long junctional epithelium. The mucosal samples at implant placement demonstrated histopathological characteristics of keratinized mucosa with no residual elements of granulation tissue. Histomorphometrically, the mean composition of the bone cores was - vital bone 40±19% (13.7-74.8%); bone substitute 25.7±13% (0.6-51%); connective tissue 34.3±15% (13.8-71.9%). Conclusions: Intrasocket reactive soft tissue used for primary closure following ridge augmentation is composed of granulation tissue and long junctional epithelium. At implant placement, clinical and histological results demonstrate its replacement by keratinized gingiva. The histomorphometrical results reveal considerable bone formation. Fresh extraction sites of hopeless teeth demonstrating chronic infection and severe bone loss may be grafted simultaneously with their removal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-365
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • Bone augmentation
  • Histomorphometric evaluation
  • Infected extraction site
  • Ridge preservation

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