Histological and Biological Response to Different Types of Biomaterials: A Narrative Single Research Center Experience over Three Decades

Margherita Tumedei, Eitan Mijiritsky, Carlos Fernando Mourão, Adriano Piattelli, Marco Degidi, Carlo Mangano, Giovanna Iezzi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: In more than three decades of work of the Retrieval Bank of the Laboratory for Undemineralized Hard Tissue Histology of the University of Chieti-Pescara in Italy, many types of biomaterials were received and evaluated. The present retrospective review aimed to evaluate the histological and biological aspects of the evaluated bone substitute biomaterials. Methods: In the present study, the authors prepared a retrospective analysis after the screening of some data-bases (PubMed, Scopus, and EMBASE) to find papers published from the Retrieval Bank of the Laboratory for Undermineralized Hard Tissue Histology of the University of Chieti-Pescara analyzing only the papers dealing with bone substitute biomaterials and scaffolds, in the form of granules and block grafts, for bone regeneration procedures. Results: Fifty-two articles were found, including in vitro, in vivo, and clinical studies of different biomaterials. These articles were evaluated and organized in tables for a better understanding. Conclusions: Over three decades of studies have made it possible to assess the quality of many bone substitute biomaterials, helping to improve the physicochemical and biological properties of the biomaterials used in daily clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7942
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume19
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2022

Keywords

  • bone substitutes
  • grafts
  • scaffolds
  • tissue engineering

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