Hindfoot nailing without joint preparation for ankle fractures in extremely elderly patients: Comparison of clinical and patient-reported outcomes with standard ORIF

Snir Balziano, Isaac Baran, Dan Prat*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) nailing without joint preparation has been indicated as an alternative to open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) in the treatment of unstable fragility ankle fractures. We hypothesized that primary hindfoot nailing without joint preparation, and immediate weight bearing can provide a safe and effective treatment for unstable fragility fractures of the ankle compared to ORIF. Methods: A retrospectively single-center cohort was reviewed for all surgically treated ankle fractures in patients aged 75 years and older between 2016 and 2021. The cases were grouped by the surgical technique: ORIF or TTC nailing. Diagnosis and treatment were validated by a review of the radiographs and the patients’ charts. Primary outcomes included complication rates and revision rates. The PROMs questionnaires included the Foot and Ankle-Ability Measure (FAAM-ADL) and the Olerud-Molander Ankle Score (OMAS). Results: Forty-six cases met the inclusion criteria during the study period. Eighteen in the TTC group and 28 in the ORIF group. The average follow-up was 46.4 months (Median 49.5, SD ± 25.3). The mean age of the TTC group was significantly higher (88.6 versus 81.8, p < 0.001). The mean surgery duration and length of stay were similar. The complication rates were 50.0 % in the ORIF group (28.6 % major) versus 22.2 % in the TTC group (5.6 % major), (p = 0.060). The revision rates were 28.6 % and 11.1 % in the ORIF and TTC groups respectively (p = 0.161). The FAAM-ADL was higher in the ORIF group (62.6 % versus 32.4 %, p = 0.020), as well as the OMAS (60.0 versus 32.8, p = 0.029). Conclusion: TTC nailing without joint preparation for unstable fragility fractures of the ankle in the extremely elderly provided a better complication profile compared to traditional ORIF. However, PROMs were inferior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)588-592
Number of pages5
JournalFoot and Ankle Surgery
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Ankle fracture
  • Elderly
  • Fragility
  • PROMs
  • TTC
  • Tibiotalocalcaneal nail

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