Highly Disordered Array of Silicon Nanowires: An Effective and Scalable Approach for Performing and Flexible Electrochemical Biosensors

Luca Maiolo, Davide Polese, Alessandro Pecora, Guglielmo Fortunato, Yosi Shacham-Diamand, Annalisa Convertino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The direct integration of disordered arranged and randomly oriented silicon nanowires (SiNWs) into ultraflexible and transferable electronic circuits for electrochemical biosensing applications is proposed. The working electrode (WE) of a three-electrode impedance device, fabricated on a polyimide (PI) film, is modified with SiNWs covered by a thin Au layer and functionalized to bind the sensing element. The biosensing behavior is investigated through the ligand-receptor binding of biotin-avidin system. Impedance measurements show a very efficient detection of the avidin over a broad range of concentrations from hundreds of micromolar down to the picomolar values. The impedance response is modeled through a simple equivalent circuit, which takes into account the unique WE morphology and its modification with successive layers of biomolecules. This approach of exploiting highly disordered SiNW ensemble in biosensing proves to be very promising for the following three main reasons: first, the system morphology allows high sensing performance; second, these nanostructures can be built via scalable and transferable fabrication methodology allowing an easy integration on non-conventional substrates; third, reliable modeling of the sensing response can be developed by considering the morphological and surface characteristics over an ensemble of disordered NWs rather than over individual NWs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)575-583
Number of pages9
JournalAdvanced healthcare materials
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 9 Mar 2016

Keywords

  • Disordered silicon nanowires
  • Flexible electronics
  • Impedance biosensors
  • Modeling

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