High progesterone levels adversely affect embryo quality and pregnancy rates in in vitro fertilization and oocyte donation programs

I. Yovel, Y. Yaron, A. Amit, M. R. Peyser, M. P. David, A. Kogosowski, J. B. Lessing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To assess the effect of P levels on oocyte and embryo quality and pregnancy rates (PRs) in IVF and oocyte donation. Design. Retrospective analysis of PRs in ovum donors and their recipients with regard to P levels on day of hCG administration. Setting: In Vitro Fertilization Units, oocyte donation programs. Patients: In vitro fertilization patients who agreed to donate oocytes were treated by hMG alone (53 cycles) or in combination with a GnRH analog (122 cycles). Interventions: Uterine preparation in oocyte recipients consisted of 6 mg/d E2 valerate. Progesterone (100 mg/d) was added when oocytes became available. Hormonal treatment was continued until 12 weeks of gestation. Results: Using a series of Fisher's Exact Tests, a critical threshold for P was identified at 1.9 ng/mL (conversion factor to SI units, 3.185). With elevated P levels (>1.9 ng/mL), lower PRs were noted for the donors (7.1% versus 17%), as well for the recipients (8.3% versus 26.7%). Conclusions: Exposure to elevated P levels resulted in lower PRs for the donors and significantly lower PRs in the recipients. Because the endometria in the recipients were prepared uniformly, we conclude that this is the result of detrimental effects of P on oocyte or embryo quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-131
Number of pages4
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Embryo quality
  • IVF
  • endometrial receptivity
  • oocyte donation
  • progesterone

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