High-intensity focused ultrasound treatment in moderate glaucoma patients: Results of a 2-year prospective clinical trial

Ari Leshno, Yair Rubinstein, Reut Singer, Ifat Sher, Ygal Rotenstreich, Shlomo Melamed, Alon Skaat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Precis:Ultrasound Cyclo Plasty (UCP) treatment using high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is an effective and safe therapy to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP) in moderate glaucoma patients as was measured during a 2-year follow-up period.Purpose:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of the UCP procedure using HIFU in moderate glaucoma patients.Patients and Methods:A prospective interventional noncomparative study was carried out. Fifteen patients (15 eyes) with moderate open-angle glaucoma were enrolled. All eyes were treated with UCP-HIFU. A thorough ophthalmic examination and IOP measurements were performed before the UCP-HIFU procedure and at 1 day, 1 week, 4 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after the procedure. The primary outcome was defined as a surgical success (IOP reduction of 20% or =5 mm Hg) at the last follow-up visit. The secondary outcomes were the mean IOP at each follow-up visit, number of medications used, complications profile, and reinterventions.Results:The mean preoperative IOP at baseline was 26.8±5.0 mm Hg. All patients had a positive response and a lower IOP after treatment, with a relatively stable 31% reduction in IOP during the follow-up period. A significant reduction in IOP was observed at all postprocedure examination points (P<0.01), with a mean 17.6±4.4 mm Hg at 2 years after the procedure (P=0.005). Surgical success was achieved in 87% of the patients at their last follow-up visit. There was a nonsignificant decrease in the mean number of glaucoma medications from 2.5±0.8 to 2.0±1.0 at 2 years (P=0.48). No major intraoperative or postoperative complications were noted.Conclusion:UCP-HIFU treatment is an effective, safe, and well-tolerated method to reduce IOP in patients with moderate glaucoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)556-560
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Glaucoma
Volume29
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • ciliary body
  • glaucoma
  • high-intensity focused ultrasound
  • intraocular pressure

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