High Frequency Fields in the Presence of a Curved Dielectric Interface

Ehud Heyman, Leopold B. Felsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A high-frequency line source in a dielectric medium that is separated by a concave cylindrical boundary from an exterior medium with lower dielectric constant generates a variety of wave phenomena which have been explored extensively. This problem is reexamined here with a view toward clarifying relevant reflection and transmission characteristics within the framework of ray optics, with emphasis on the more complicated transmitted field. The exterior domain is divided into illuminated and shadow regions separated by the transmitted tangent ray launched by a ray incident at the critical angle. Conventional ray optics is valid far from the tangent ray shadow boundary on the illuminated side. The shadow boundary is surrounded by transition regions wherein Fock type integrals and Weber functions yielding local lateral waves provide alternative representations. On the shadow side, not too far from the shadow boundary, the field can be interpreted via “tunneling” and subsequent radiation along a ray from a virtual caustic to the observer. The tunneling is associated with the initial evanescent decay of the transmitted field excited by a totally reflected incident ray. However, deeper inside the shadow, this mechanism is inapplicable, and the field is expressed either in terms of the Fock integrals or a creeping wave-type residue series. The results are presented in a format that permits insertion into a geometrical theory of diffraction (GTD) user's manual.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)969-978
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1984


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